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Swamp White Oak

Quercus bicolor

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Swamp White Oak (Quercus bicolor) at Chalet Nursery

Swamp White Oak

Swamp White Oak

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Swamp White Oak (Quercus bicolor) at Chalet Nursery

Swamp White Oak in fall

Swamp White Oak in fall

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Height:  50 feet

Spread:  50 feet

Sunlight:  full sun 

Hardiness Zone:  3

Description:

A large and imposing shade tree with an upright spreading habit of growth, best in larger landscapes and parks; extremely tough and adaptable to wet conditions but not tolerant of alkaline soils, rather slow growing; acorns attract squirrels

Ornamental Features

Swamp White Oak has dark green foliage which emerges grayish green in spring. The glossy lobed leaves turn coppery-bronze in fall. Neither the flowers nor the fruit are ornamentally significant.

Landscape Attributes

Swamp White Oak is a dense deciduous tree with a more or less rounded form. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition.

This tree will require occasional maintenance and upkeep, and is best pruned in late winter once the threat of extreme cold has passed. It has no significant negative characteristics.

Swamp White Oak is recommended for the following landscape applications;

  • Shade

Planting & Growing

Swamp White Oak will grow to be about 50 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 50 feet. It has a high canopy with a typical clearance of 6 feet from the ground, and should not be planted underneath power lines. As it matures, the lower branches of this tree can be strategically removed to create a high enough canopy to support unobstructed human traffic underneath. It grows at a slow rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live to a ripe old age of 300 years or more; think of this as a heritage tree for future generations!

This tree should only be grown in full sunlight. It is quite adaptable, prefering to grow in average to wet conditions, and will even tolerate some standing water. It is not particular as to soil type, but has a definite preference for acidic soils, and is subject to chlorosis (yellowing) of the leaves in alkaline soils. It is somewhat tolerant of urban pollution. This species is native to parts of North America.

 
 
Hardiness Zone Plant Height Minimum Sunlight Soil pH Preference
Characteristics
Shade 
Applications
Ornamental Features