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Norway Spruce

Picea abies

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Norway Spruce (Picea abies) at Chalet Nursery

Norway Spruce

Norway Spruce

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Height:  50 feet

Spread:  25 feet

Sunlight:  full sun  partial shade 

Hardiness Zone:  3

Other Names:  Norwegian Spruce

Description:

A very popular and durable spire-shaped evergreen, excellent for articulation; interesting droopy branches when mature, rich deep green needles; tough and hardy, good for windbreaks, will grow quite large under the right conditions

Ornamental Features

Norway Spruce has green foliage which emerges light green in spring. The needles remain green throughout the winter. Neither the flowers nor the fruit are ornamentally significant. The smooth gray bark adds an interesting dimension to the landscape.

Landscape Attributes

Norway Spruce is a dense evergreen tree with a strong central leader and a distinctive and refined pyramidal form. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition.

This is a relatively low maintenance tree. When pruning is necessary, it is recommended to only trim back the new growth of the current season, other than to remove any dieback. It is a good choice for attracting birds to your yard, but is not particularly attractive to deer who tend to leave it alone in favor of tastier treats. It has no significant negative characteristics.

Norway Spruce is recommended for the following landscape applications;

  • Vertical Accent
  • Windbreaks and Shelterbelts

Planting & Growing

Norway Spruce will grow to be about 50 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 25 feet. It has a low canopy, and should not be planted underneath power lines. It grows at a fast rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 70 years or more.

This tree does best in full sun to partial shade. It does best in average to evenly moist conditions, but will not tolerate standing water. It is not particular as to soil type or pH, and is able to handle environmental salt. It is highly tolerant of urban pollution and will even thrive in inner city environments. This species is not originally from North America.

 
 
Hardiness Zone Plant Height Minimum Sunlight
Characteristics
Articulation  Windbreak 
Applications
Plant Form  Bark  Winter Value  Attracts Wildlife 
Ornamental Features